Civil War Battles

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The Civil War consisted of 50 major battles and 5,000 minor battles. These battles were fought using a variety of strategies with varying degrees of success.

The following is a list of Civil War battles in chronological order. Also included are details on who won each battle and the number of casualties on both sides.

Civil War Battles in 1861:

April 12, 1861: Battle of Fort Sumter
No casualties
Result: Confederate victory

June 30, 1861: Battle of Philippi
30 casualties: 4 Union and 26 Confederate
Result: Union victory

July 5, 1861: Battle of Carthage
244 casualties: 44 Union and 200 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

July 21, 1861: First Battle of Bull Run/First Battle of Manassas
4,878 casualties: 2,896 Union and 1,982 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

August 10, 1861: Battle of Wilson’s Creek
2,330 casualties: 1,235 Union and 1,0895 Confederate
Result: Confederate victoryMap of Civil War Battles

August 28-29, 1861: Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries
773 casualties: 3 Union and 770 Confederate
Result: Union victory

October 21, 1861: Battle of Ball’s Bluff
1,070 casualties: 1,002 Union and 155 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

November 7, 1861: Battle of Belmont
1,464 casualties: 498 Union and 966 Confederate
Result: Union victory

December 20, 1861: Battle of Dranesville
5,750 casualties: 4,00 Union and 1,750 Confederate
Result: Union victory

December 31, 1861: Camp Allegheny
283 Casualties: 137 Union and 146 Confederate
Result: Inconclusive

Civil War Battles in 1862:

January 19, 1862: Battle of Mill Springs
814 casualties: 262 Union and 552 Confederate
Result: Union victory

February 6, 1862: Battle of Fort Henry
119 casualties: 40 Union and 79 Confederate
Result: Union victory

February 11, 1862: Battle of Fort Donelson
16,537 casualties: 2,691 Union and 13,846 Confederate
Result: Union victory

March 6, 1862: Battle of Pea Ridge
6,073: 1,349 Union and 4,600 Confederate

March 8, 1862: Battle of Hampton Roads
393 casualties: 369 Union and 24 Confederate
Result: Inconclusive

March 23, 1862: First Battle of Kernstown
1,308 casualties: 590 Union and 718 Confederate
Result: Union victory

March 26 – 28, 1862: Battle of Glorieta Pass
369 casualties: 171 Union and 222 Confederate
Result: Union victory

April 5 – May 4, 1862: Siege of Yorktown
482 casualties: 182 Union and 300 Confederate
Result: Inconclusive

April 6-7, 1862: Battle of Shiloh
23,746 casualties: 13,047 Union and 10,669 Confederate
Result: Union victory

Chromolithograph of the Battle of Shiloh, circa 1888

Chromolithograph of the Battle of Shiloh, circa 1888

April 10-11, 1862: Battle of Fort Pulaski
365 casualties: 1 Union and 364 Confederate
Result: Union victory

April 15, 1862: Battle of Picacho Peak
11 casualties: 6 Union and 5 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

April 25, 1862: Capture of New Orleans
No casualties
Result: Union victory

April 29 – May 30, 1862: Siege of Corinth
2,000 casualties: 1,000 Union and 1,000 Confederate
Result: Union victory

May 5, 1862: Battle of Williamsburg
3,843 casualties: 2,283 Union and 1,560 Confederate
Result: Inconclusive

May 8, 1862: Battle of McDowell
754 casualties: 256 Union and 498 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

May 31, 1862: Battle of Seven Pines
13,736 casualties: 5,739 Union and 7,997 Confederate
Result: Inconclusive

June 6, 1862: Battle of Memphis
181 casualties: 1 Union and 180 Confederate
Result: Union victory

June 8, 1862: Battle of Cross Keys
972 casualties: 684 Union and 288 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

June 9, 1862: Battle of Port Republic
1,818 casualties: 1,002 Union and 816 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

June 16, 1862: Battle of Secessionville
889 casualties: 685 Union and 204 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

June 26, 1862: Battle of Beaver Dam Creek
1,700 casualties: 400 Union and 1,300 Confederate
Result: Union victory

June 27, 1862: Battle of Gaines’ Mill
15,500 casualties: 6,800 Union and 8,700 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

June 30, 1862: Battle of Glendale
7,470 casualties: 3,797 Union and 3,673 Confederate
Result: Inconclusive

July 1, 1862: Battle of Malvern Hill
7,700 casualties: 2,100 Union and 5,600 Confederate
Result: Union victory

August 9, 1862: Battle of Cedar Mountain
2,707 casualties: 1,400 Union and 1,307 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

August 28, 1862: Battle of Thoroughfare Gap
Result: Confederate victory

August 28-30, 1862: Second Battle of Bull Run/Second Battle of Manassas
22,177 casualties: 13,824 Union and 8,353 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

August 29-30, 1862: Battle of Richmond
5,650 casualties: 4,900 Union and 750 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

September 1, 1862: Battle of Chantilly
2,100 casualties: 1,300 Union and 800 Confederate
Result: Inconclusive

September 12, 1862: Battle of Harper’s Ferry
12,922 casualties: 12,636 Union and 286 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

September 14-17, 1862: Siege of Munfordville
4,862 casualties: 4,148 Union and 714 Confederate victory
Result: Confederate victory

September 14, 1862: Battle of South Mountain
4,500 casualties: 2,325 Union and 2,685 Confederate
Result: Union victory

September 17, 1862: Battle of Antietam
22,717 casualties: 12,401 Union and 10,316 Confederate
Result: Inconclusive

Dead Confederate artillerymen photographed by Alexander Gardner in front of Dunker Church after the Battle of Antietam in Sept of 1862

Dead Confederate artillerymen photographed by Alexander Gardner in front of Dunker Church after the Battle of Antietam in Sept of 1862

September 19, 1862: Battle of Iuka
1,482 casualties: 782 Union and 700 Confederate
Result: Union victory

September 19-20, 1862: Battle of Shepardstown
622 casualties: 361 Union and 261 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

September 24-25, 1862: First Battle of Sabine Pass
No casualties
Result: Union victory

October 3 – 4, 1862: Second Battle of Corinth
7197 casualties: 2,359 Union and 4,838 Confederate
Result: Union victory

October 5, 1862: Battle of Davis Bridge
900 casualties: 500 Union and 400 Confederate
Result: Union victory

October 8, 1862: Battle of Perryville
7,621 casualties: 4,220 Union and 3,401 Confederate
Result: Union victory

December 7, 1862: Battle of Prairie Grove
2,568: 1,251 Union and 1,317 Confederate
Result: Union victory

December 13, 1862: Battle of Fredericksburg
17,929 casualties: 13,353 Union and 4,576 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

December 31, 1862: Battle of Parker’s Cross Road
737 casualties: 237 Union and 500 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

December 31, 1862 – January 2, 1863: Battle of Stones River
24,645 casualties: 12,906 Union and 11,739 Confederate
Result: Union victory

Civil War Battles in 1863:

January 9-11, 1863: Battle of Arkansas Post
6,547 casualties: 1,047 Union and 5,500 Confederate
Result: Union victory

January 27 – March 3, 1863: First Battle of Fort McAllister
Unknown number of casualties
Result: Confederate victory

March 17, 1863: Battle of Kelly Ford
211 casualties: 78 Union and 133 Confederate
Result: Inconclusive

April 30 – May 1, 1863: Battle of Chancellorsville
30,764 casualties: 17,304 Union and 13,460 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

May 1, 1863: Battle of Port Gibson
1,628 casualties: 861 Union and 767 Confederate
Result: Union victory

May 12, 1863: Battle of Raymond
1,011 casualties: 442 Union and 569 Confederate
Result: Union victory

May 16, 1863: Battle of Champion Hill
6,297 casualties: 2,457 Union and 3,840 Confederate
Result: Union victory

May 18 – July 4, 1863: Siege of Vicksburg
37,402: 4,910 Union and 32,491 Confederate
Result: Union victory

May 21 – July 9, 1863: Siege of Port Hudson
12,208 casualties: 5,000 Union and 7,208 Confederate
Result: Union victory

June 9, 1863: Battle of Brandy Station
1,451 casualties: 866 Union and 433 Confederate
Result: Inconclusive

June 17, 1863: Battle of Aldie
415 casualties: 305 Union and 110 Confederate
Result: Inconclusive

June 17 – 19, 1863: Battle of Middleburg
390 casualties: Union casualties are unknown and Confederate casualties are unknown
Result: Inconclusive

July 1-3, 1863: Battle of Gettysburg
51,112 casualties: 23,049 Union and 28,063 Confederate
Result: Union victory

Dead Union soldiers at the Battle of Gettysburg

Dead Union soldiers at the Battle of Gettysburg

July 11, 1863: First Battle of Fort Wagner
351 casualties: 339 Union and 12 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

July 17, 1863: Battle of Honey Springs
716 casualties: 79 Union and 637 Confederate
Result: Union victory

July 18, 1863: Second Battle of Fort Wagner
1,689 casualties: 1,515 Union and 174 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

September 8, 1863: Second Battle of Sabine Pass
230 casualties: 230 Union and 0 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

September 18-20, 1863: Battle of Chickamauga
34,624 casualties: 16,170 Union and 18,454 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

October 14, 1863: Battle of Bristoe Station
2,000 casualties: 540 Union and 1,380 Confederate
Result: Union victory

November 7, 1863: Battle of Rappahannock Station
2093 casualties: 419 Union and 1,674 Confederate
Result: Union victory

November 23-25, 1863: Battle of Chattanooga
12,485 casualties: 5,815 Union and 6,670 Confederate
Result: Union victory

November 23, 1863: Battle of Ringgold Gap
912 casualties: 432 Union and 480 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

November 27 – December 2, 1863: Battle of Mine Run
1,952 casualties: 1,272 Union and 680 Confederate
Result: Inconclusive

Civil War Battles in 1864:

February 20, 1864: Battle of Olustee
2,806 casualties: 1,860 Union and 946 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

April 3-4, 1864: Battle of Elkin’s Ferry
92 casualties: 38 Union and 54 Confederate
Result: Union victory

April 8, 1864: Battle of Mansfield
4,400 casualties: 2,900 Union and 1,500 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

April 12, 1864: Battle of Fort Pillow
382 casualties: 182 Union and 200 Confederate
Result: Confederate Victory

May 5-7, 1864: Battle of the Wilderness
29,800 casualties: 18,400 Union and 11,400 Confederate
Result: Inconclusive

May 7, 1864: Battle of Pickett’s Mill
2,100 casualties: 1,600 Union and 500 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

May 7-13, 1864: Battle of Rocky Face Ridge
1,437 casualties: 837 Union and 600 Confederate
Result: Union victory

May 8-21, 1864: Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
30,000 casualties: 18,000 Union and 12,000 Confederate
Result: Inconclusive

May 13, 1864: Battle of Resaca
5,547 casualties: 2,747 Union and 2,800 Confederate
Result: Inconclusive

May 15, 1864: Battle of New Market
1,380 casualties: 840 Union and 540 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

May 23-26, 1864: Battle of North Anna
3,500 casualties: 2,000 Union and 1,500 Confederate
Result: Inconclusive

May 25-26, 1864: Battle of New Hope Church
2,065 casualties: 1,665 Union and 400 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

May 28, 1864: Battle of Dallas
5,400 casualties: 2,400 Union and 3,000 Confederate
Result: Union victory

May 28-30, 1864: Battle of Totopotomoy Creek
2,324 casualties: 731 Union and 1,593 Confederate
Result: Inconclusive

May 31 – June 12, 1864: Battle of Cold Harbor
17,332 casualties: 12,737 Union and 4,595 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

June 10, 1864: Battle of Brice’s Crossroads
2,732 casualties: 492 Union and 2,240 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

June 11-12, 1864: Trevilian Station
1,950 casualties: 950 Union and 1,000 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

June 15-18, 1864: Battle of Petersburg
11,386 casualties: 8,150 Union and 3,236 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

June 27, 1864: Battle of Kennesaw Mountain
4,000 casualties: 3,000 Union and 1,000 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

June 29, 1864: First Battle of Ream’s Station
600 casualties
Result: Confederate victory

July 9, 1864: Battle of Monocacy
2,194 casualties: 1,294 Union and 900 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

July 11-12, 1864: Battle of Fort Stevens
874 casualties: 374 Union and 500 Confederate
Result: Union victory

July 14-16, 1864: Battle of Tupelo
1,948 casualties: 648 Union and 1,300 Confederate
Result: Union victory

July 18, 1864: Battle of Cool Spring
819 casualties: 422 Union and 397 Confederate
Result: Inconclusive

July 20, 1864: Battle of Peach Tree Creek
4,250 casualties: 1,750 Union and 2,500 Confederate
Result: Union victory

July 22, 1864: Battle of Atlanta
9,222 casualties: 3,722 Union and 5,500 Confederate
Result: Union victory

July 24, 1864: Second Battle of Kernstown
1,800 casualties: 1,200 Union and 600 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

July 27, 1864: First Battle of Deep Bottom
1,067 casualties: 488 Union and 679 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

July 30, 1864: Battle of the Crater
5,300 casualties: 3,798 Union and 1,491 Confederate
Result: Confederate Victory

August 2-23, 1864: Battle of Mobile Bay
1,822 casualties: 322 Union and 1,500 Confederate
Result: Union victory

August 18-21, 1864: Battle of Globe Tavern
5,879 casualties: 4,279 Union and 1,600 Confederate
Result: Union victory

August 25, 1864: Second Battle of Ream’s Station
3561 casualties: 2,747 Union and 814 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

August 31 – September 1, 1864: Battle of Jonesborough
3,149 casualties: 1,149 Union and 2,000 Confederate
Result: Union victory

September 19, 1864: Battle of Third Winchester
8,630 casualties: 5,020 Union and 3,610 Confederate
Result: Union victory

September 21-22, 1864: Battle of Fisher’s Hill
1,763 casualties: 528 Union and 1,235 Confederate
Result: Union victory

September 29-30, 1864: Battle of New Market Heights
5,900 casualties: 4,150 Union and 1,750 Confederate
Result: Union victory

October 9, 1864: Battle of Tom’s Brook
407 casualties: 57 Union and 350 Confederate
Result: Union victory

October 19, 1864: Battle of Cedar Creek
8,575 casualties: 5,764 Union and 3,060 Confederate
Result: Union victory

October 24, 1864: Battle of Mine Creek
1,300 casualties: 100 Union and 1,200 Confederate
Result: Union victory

November – December, 1864: Sherman’s March to the Sea
Unknown number of casualties

November 29, 1864: Battle of Spring Hill
700 casualties: 425 Union and 275 Confederate
Result: Union victory

November 29-30, 1864: Battle of Sand Creek
Result: Union victory

November 30, 1864: Battle of Franklin
8,587 casualties: 2,326 Union and 6,261 Confederate
Result: Union victory

December 13, 1864: Second Battle of Fort McAllister
205 casualties: 134 Union and 71 Confederate
Result: Union victory

December 15-16, 1864: Battle of Nashville
9,061 casualties: 3,061 Union and 6,000 Confederate
Result: Union victory

December 23 – 28, 1864: First Battle of Fort Fisher
320 casualties:
Result: Confederate victory

Civil War Battles in 1865:

January 13-15, 1865: Second Battle of Fort Fisher
2,014 casualties: 1,431 Union and 583 Confederate
Results: Union victory

March 6, 1865: Battle of Natural Bridge
174 casualties: 148 Union and 26 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

March 7-10, 1865: Battle of Wyse Fork
2,601 casualties: 1,101 Union and 1,500 Confederate
Result: Union victory

March 16, 1865: Battle of Averasborough
1,547 casualties: 682 Union and 865 Confederate
Result: Inconclusive

March 19-21, 1865: Battle of Bentonville
4,133 casualties: 1,526 Union and 2,606 Confederate
Result: Union victory

March 25, 1865: Battle of Fort Stedman
3,850 casualties: 950 Union and 2,900 Confederate
Result: Union victory

March 31, 1865: Battle of White Oak Road
2,670 casualties: 1,870 Union and 800 Confederate
Result: Union victory

April 1, 1865: Battle of Five Forks
3,780 casualties: 830 Union and 2,950 Confederate
Result: Union victory

April 2, 1865: Battle of Petersburg Breakthrough
7,750 casualties: 3,500 Union and 4,250 Confederate
Result: Union victory

April 2 – 9, 1865: Battle of Fort Blakely
3,529 casualties: 629 Union and 2,900 Confederate
Result: Union victory

April 6 – 7, 1865: Battle of High Bridge
2,000 casualties: 800 Union and 1,200 Confederate
Result: Inconclusive

April 6, 1865: Battle of Sailor’s Creek
9,980 casualties: 1,150 Union and 8,830 Confederate
Result: Union victory

April 8, 1865: Appomattox Station
Unknown number of casualties
Result: Union victory

April 9, 1865: Surrender at Appomattox Court House
700 casualties: 27,805 Confederate soldiers paroled
Result: Union victory

May 12-13, 1865: Battle of Palmito Ranch
124 casualties: 118 Union and 6 Confederate
Result: Confederate victory

Sources:
CivilWar.Org: http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/
NPS: Civil War Battle Summaries By State: https://www.nps.gov/abpp/battles/bystate.htm
PBS: Timeline: Significant Civil War Battles: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/timeline/death/

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